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Breast imaging is a subspecialty of diagnostic radiology. It involves a range of imaging procedures.
Screening mammography is used to detect breast cancer via a low-dose X-ray before any symptoms are evident. This allows for early treatment and intervention. In Australia free breast screening is available to women aged 50-74 every two years.
Diagnostic mammography uses X-rays for diagnostic purposes when symptoms are present. The mammogram confirms whether the changes are non-cancerous (benign) or whether breast cancer may be present and treatment is required.
Breast tomosynthesis is a new digital mammography technique that produces 3D images of the breast using X-rays.
Breast ultrasound is used to differentiate between cysts (fluid filled lumps) and solid lumps which may or may not be cancerous.
Breast MRIs are used to identify early breast cancer in women who are at high risk, and determining the extent of any breast cancer that is diagnosed.
Other breast imaging procedures include:
Page last modified on 17/11/2016.
RANZCR® is not aware that any person intends to act or rely upon the opinions, advices or information contained in this publication or of the manner in which it might be possible to do so. It issues no invitation to any person to act or rely upon such opinions, advices or information or any of them and it accepts no responsibility for any of them.
RANZCR® intends by this statement to exclude liability for any such opinions, advices or information. The content of this publication is not intended as a substitute for medical advice. It is designed to support, not replace, the relationship that exists between a patient and his/her doctor. Some of the tests and procedures included in this publication may not be available at all radiology providers.
RANZCR® recommends that any specific questions regarding any procedure be discussed with a person's family doctor or medical specialist. Whilst every effort is made to ensure the accuracy of the information contained in this publication, RANZCR®, its Board, officers and employees assume no responsibility for its content, use, or interpretation. Each person should rely on their own inquires before making decisions that touch their own interests.