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Clinical radiologists are highly trained specialist medical doctors. They have undertaken specific postgraduate training in performing and interpreting diagnostic imaging tests and interventional procedures or treatments.
Clinical radiologists work with technologically advanced X-ray, ultrasound, and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) equipment. They order medical imaging tests of the inside of the body which they then examine and interpret to diagnose your medical condition and monitor progress.
You will probably be referred for a medical imaging test by your doctor or a referring specialist. The role of the clinical radiologist is to help the doctor or specialist treat their patients by providing expert knowledge of the body.
Some clinical radiologists work in subspecialties such as breast imaging (mammography), interventional radiology (using radiology for diagnosis and as a medical treatment), musculoskeletal imaging, cardiac (heart) imaging, and paediatric (children’s) imaging.
After you have had a radiology test or procedure the clinical radiologist writes a report on the results which is sent to the referring doctor.
There are two different kinds of clinical radiologists:
Radiation oncologists use radiation therapy to treat cancer and some other diseases. They are not referred to as clinical radiologists.
Diagnostic radiologists, interventional radiologists and radiation oncologists are all radiology specialists with the same level of training – they just specialise in different areas.
Information on how to become a clinical radiologist or radiation oncologist is available from The Royal Australian and New Zealand College of Radiologists.
Page last modified on 13/10/2016.
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RANZCR® intends by this statement to exclude liability for any such opinions, advices or information. The content of this publication is not intended as a substitute for medical advice. It is designed to support, not replace, the relationship that exists between a patient and his/her doctor. Some of the tests and procedures included in this publication may not be available at all radiology providers.
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